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J Korean Med Rehabi 2019 Jul; 29(3): 15-33  
A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Herbal Medicine for Frozen Shoulder
Published online July 31, 2019
Copyright © 2019 The Society of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation.

Tae-Young Oh, K.M.D., Yeon-Hee Kim, K.M.D., Eun-Mi Oh, K.M.D., Su-Min Hong, K.M.D., Hyun-Ju Ha, K.M.D., Eun-Jung Lee, K.M.D., Min-Seok Oh, K.M.D.

Department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, College of Korean Medicine, Daejeon University
Correspondence to: Min-Seok Oh, Department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, College of Korean Medicine, Daejeon University, 75 Daedeok-daero 176beon-gil, Seo-gu, Daejeon 35235, Korea
TEL (042) 470-9424
FAX (042) 470-9005
E-mail ohmin@dju.ac.kr
Received: June 13, 2019; Revised: July 1, 2019; Accepted: July 3, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objectives The objective of this study is to provide the evidence of the effectivness of herbal medicine for frozen shoulder.
Methods 2 Korean medical on-line databases (Oriental Medicine Advanced Searching Integrated System, Korean Traditional Knowledge), and 3 foreign databases (Pubmed, Cochrane library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure) were searched to find articles concerning herbal medicine for frozen shoulder. We selected randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Several repeated articles and those not relevant to the topic were excluded, as well as review articles and commentaries. The methodological quality of RCTs were evaluated using the Cochrane risk of bias tool and meta-analyes were perfomed.
Results Total 474 studies were founded and 22 RCTs were selected for systematic review. Efficiency rate was used as the primary evaluation method. Almost studies reported that herbal medicine has significant effect on pain reduction, increasing shoulder function on frozen shoulder. 3 studies comparing herbal medicine and chuna with chuna and 3 studies comparing herbal medicine with ibuprofen were included in the meta-analysis. At herbal medicine and chuna with chuna meta-analysis, it showed positive results of herbal medicine for efficiency rate (risk ratio: 1.18, 95% confidence interval: 1.09-1.27, p<0.0001). At herbal medicine with ibuprofen medta-analysis, it showed positive results of herbal medicine for efficiency rate (risk ratio: 1.15, 95% confidence interval: 1.05-1.27, p=0.003).
Conclusions The studies showed that herbal medicine can significantly effective on frozen shoulder. However, the risk of bias in RCTs were evaluated as uncertain. In the future, further well-designed RCTs are needed to prove the effectiveness of herbal medicine for frozen shoulder and reduce the risk of bias.
Keywords : Herbal medicine, Frozen shoulder, Korean medicine, Systematic review, Meta-analysis


July 2019, 29 (3)

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