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A Systemic Review of Korean Medical Treatment Combined with Continuous Passive Motion Therapy on the Knee Joint Postoperative Rehabilitation
J Korean Med Rehabil 2017;27:33-45
Published online July 31, 2017;
Copyright © 2017 The Society of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation.

Hyun Ju Ha, K.M.D., M.Sc., Min-Seok Oh, K.M.D., Ph.D.

Department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, College of Korean Medicine, Daejeon University
Correspondence to: Min-Seok Oh, Department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, College of Korean Medicine, Daejeon University, 75 Daedeok-daero 176beon-gil, Seo-gu, Daejeon 35235, Korea
TEL (042) 470-9424
FAX (042) 470-9005
Received June 19, 2017; Accepted July 5, 2017.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives The objective of this study is to report the evidence that continuous passive motion (CPM) therapy combined with Korean Medicine is effective for knee injuries.
Methods We searched 2 Korean medical electronic databases, and 2 Chinese electronic databases to find randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) that treat knee injuries with Korean Medicine combined with CPM therapy. We selected studies by screening. We extracted data from selected RCTs, and analyzed RCTs by using Cochrane's Risk of bias criteria.
Results 386 studies are searched, and 7 RCTs are selected. According to the study, several kinds of Korean Medicine such as hydrotherapy, decoction, acupuncture, moxibustion, and manual therapy are used with CPM therapy for the knee joint postoperative rehabilitation. We found the encouraging evidence that Korean Medicine and CPM combined therapy is more effective than single CPM therapy by alleviating pain, increasing range of motion, and improving knee function, etc. However, the risk of bias in most RCTs was judged to be uncertain.
Conclusions Combination of Korean Medicine and CPM therapy can compensate the defect of single CPM therapy, and promotes the recovery of knee joint function.
Keywords : Korean Medicine, Continuous passive motion therapy, Combined therapy, Knee injuries, Knee joint postoperative rehabilitation

October 2017, 27 (4)