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A Web-based Survey for Assessment of Korean Medical Treatment Clinical Practice Patterns for Temporomandibular Disorders
J Korean Med Rehabil 2018;28:73-84
Published online January 31, 2018;
Copyright © 2018 The Society of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation.

Chang-Eun Kim, K.M.D., Ho-Jeong Do, K.M.D., Hyun-Seop Song, K.M.D., Jae-Kwon Shin, K.M.D., Won-Jun Lee, K.M.D., Jong-Ho Kim, K.M.D., Keun-Jae Lee, K.M.D., Young-Suk Yoon, K.M.D., No-Hyeon Kim, K.M.D.*, Chang-Yong Suh, K.M.D.*, Yoon-Jae Lee, K.M.D., Ph.D., Mi-Riong Kim, K.M.D., Jae-Heung Cho, K.M.D., Ph.D., Mi-Jung Kwon, M.S.§, In-Hyuk Ha, K.M.D.

Department of Korean Rehabilitation Medicine, Jaseng Korean Medicine Hospital, Department of Acupuncture and Moxibustion, Jaseng Korean Medicine Hospital*, Jaseng Spine and Joint Research Institute, Jaseng Medical Foundation, Department of Korean Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung-Hee University, Graduate School of Nursing and Health Professions, Chung-Ang University§
Correspondence to: In-Hyuk Ha, Jaseng Spine and Joint Research Institute, Jaseng Medical Foundation, 538 Gangnam-daero, Gangnam-gu, Seoul 06110, Korea
TEL (02) 3218-2450
FAX (02) 3218-2244
Received November 6, 2017; Accepted November 22, 2017.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives While Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) is highly prevalent in Korea, studies examining its Korean medical treatment are currently lacking. The aim of this study was to assess current Korean medical treatment practice patterns for TMD.
Methods A preliminary questionnaire was developed to investigate current practice patterns of TMD treatment and underwent further revision through external review. The final questionnaire was distributed as a web-based survey to 18,289 potential respondents by email.
Results The response rate was 2.23%. Most participants replied that they received multiple Korean medicine interventions for TMD treatment consisting of such methods as acupuncture, chuna manipulation, electroacupuncture. The percentage of treatment services among uncovered services, which need to be covered by national health insurance was high in the order of pharmacopuncture, chuna manipulation, and herbal medicine. The most commonly used diagnostic examination tools for TMD was Physical examination and next was Imaging diagnosis. The frequency of TMD treatment was the highest at 2∼3 times per week (76%) and the period was from 4 to 12 weeks (63%).
Conclusions This survey study helps determine current practice patterns of TMD, and recognizes the need for use of diagnostic devices in TMD treatment. These results are further anticipated to provide basic data for clinical practice guide lines (CPGs).
Keywords : Temporomandibular disorders, Practice guideline, Survey, Questionnaire

January 2018, 28 (1)