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Korean Med Rehab 2013 Jul; 23(3): 107-116  
Efficacy of Microcurrent Electrical Neuromuscular Stimulation with Different Types of Stimulating Electrodes
Published online July 30, 2013
Copyright © 2013 The Society of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation.

Hyo-Jeong Choi, K.M.D., Sung-Soo Kim, K.M.D., Ph.D.

Department of Korean Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung-Hee University
Correspondence to: Sung-Soo Kim,
Department of Korean Rehabilitation Medicine, Kyung-Hee University Medical Center, 23, Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 130-872, Korea
TEL (02) 958-9215
FAX (02) 963-4983
Received: June 25, 2013; Revised: July 5, 2013; Accepted: July 10, 2013
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the most effective stimulating electrode in Microcurrent electrical neuromuscular stimulation (MENS) for pain relief, and to apply to the treatment of Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS).
Methods We included 45 participants who met the inclusion criteria. DOMS of both Triceps Surae Muscles were experimentally induced through eccentric contractions. 24-hours after induction of DOMS, who scored more than 40 mm in visual analogue scale (VAS) were randomly assigned into three groups (n=44). In 15 of them, needle electrodes were inserted into BL57, BL56. In 15 of them, surface electrodes were applied on the same points and the others were treated with manual acupuncture. The effects of pain relief were assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS), mechanical pain threshold (MPT), surface electromyography (SEMG).
Results In VAS, group comparison had no significant difference after all treatments had done. The difference in VAS between the time before the treatment was started (Day 2) and after all treatments were completed was greater in Acupuncture group than that of needle-electrode group. In MPT, there was no significant difference among groups. Electrical contraction decreased significantly at 2nd before-after treatment comparison in needle-electrode MENS group. But fatigue scores were not significantly different between groups.
Conclusions The results suggest that the types of electrodes has no significant effect on microcurrent therapy in DOMS.
Keywords : Delayed onset muscle soreness, MENS, Needle electrode, Surface electrode, Acupuncture

January 2023, 33 (1)

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