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J Korean Med Rehabi 2018 Oct; 28(4): 43-50  
Comparative Study on the Clinical Characteristics and Effects of Korean Medical Treatment between the Upper and Lower Lumbar Single Level Disc Herniation
Published online October 31, 2018
Copyright © 2018 The Society of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation.

Ju-Young Lee, K.M.D.*, Yong-Hyeon Kim, K.M.D.*, Kwang-Hwi Kim, K.M.D.*,Tae-Yeon Kim, K.M.D.*, Tae-Geol Lee, K.M.D.*, Sang-Woon Lee, K.M.D.*, Hui-Yeong Chu, K.M.D.*,Hui-Kyeong Jung, K.M.D., Bum-Hwan Jung, K.M.D.*

Departments of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine*, Acupuncture and Moxibustion Medicine, Haeundae Jaseng Hospitalof Korean Medicine
Correspondence to: Ju-Young Lee, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Haeundae Jaseng Hospital of Korean Medicine, 793 Haeun-daero, Haeundae-gu, Busan 48102, Korea
TEL (051) 791-5001
FAX (051) 791-5108
Received: September 14, 2018; Revised: October 5, 2018; Accepted: October 8, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives Upper lumbar disc herniation (LDH) (L1/2, L2/3) has specific anatomical characteristics and different outcome after conventional treatment compared to lower LDH(L3/4, L4/5, L5/S1). The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical features and effects of korean medical treatment of upper LDH between lower LDH.
Methods We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data collected from 121 patients who was had admitted at the Haeundae Jaseng Hospital of Korean Medicine from June 1st,2014 to August 31th, 2018. The patients who had treated at L1/2, L2/3 level LDH were grouped and compared with those treated at the L3/4, L4/5, L5/S1 level. We reviewed the patient characteristics such as age, the positive rate of Straight Leg Raise Test (SLR test),the presence or absence of previous lumbar surgery. Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were evaluated at adimission and discharge.
Results Mean age was significantly higher at upper LDH group and positive rate of SLR test was higher at lower LDH group. There was no significant difference of gender and previous lumbar surgery between two groups. Each group had a significant improvement of NRS, ODI scores. But between two groups, there was no significant difference of NRS, ODI scores.
Conclusions Upper LDH group was older than lower LDH group. SLR test was useful tool to exclude upper LDH. Korean medical treatment was significantly effective to both upper and lower LDH groups. Further well designed prospective comparative studies are needed.
Keywords : Intervertebral disc disease, Lumbar vertebrae, Korean Traditional Medicine

October 2018, 28 (4)

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