search for


J Korean Med Rehabi 2019 Jan; 29(1): 21-29  
Effect of Electroacupuncture on Both Side Acupuncture Point GB12 and GB20 for Chronic Tension Type Headache
Published online January 31, 2019
Copyright © 2019 The Society of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation.

Jun-yung Jeon, K.M.D., Jong-soo Lee, K.M.D., Ph.D.

Department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University
Correspondence to: Jong-soo Lee, Department of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation, Kyung Hee University Korean Medicine Hospital, 23 Kyungheedae-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02447, Korea TEL (02) 958-9214 FAX (02) 963-4983 E-mail
Received: December 19, 2018; Revised: January 9, 2019; Accepted: January 11, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives This study is designed to verify the effectiveness of electroacupuncture (EA) on both side acupuncture point GB12, GB20 for chronic tension type headache (CTTH).
Methods Subjects aged 18-65 years who had suffered from CTTH for more than 3months were recruited from September 2016 to May 2017. Thirty subjects were voluntarily recruited and they were randomly divided into 2 groups; 15 to EA group, another 15 to sham-EA group. The treatment sessions were performed every 2-4 days for a total of three sessions over 1 week. The symptoms of headache were assessed before the treatment and after a week from the last treatment by visual analogue scale (VAS), headache frequency (HF), Korean Headache Impact Test-6 (KHIT-6). Demographic characteristics of all participants were compared between the groups upon using chi-square test. Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to evaluate the values between baseline and follow-up. Wilcoxon rank sum test was performed to evaluate the differences between groups. p-values less than 0.05 were considered as significant.
Results Before and after the intervention, no difference in VAS and KHIT-6 was observed between groups. HF of EA group decreased significantly compared with that of sham-EA group. Within the EA group VAS, HF and KHIT-6 decreased significantly after the treatment. Meanwhile, only KHIT-6 decreased significantly after the treatment in sham-EA group.
Conclusions This study suggests that EA on both side acupuncture point GB12 and GB20 is applicable to improve symptoms in patients with CTTH.
Keywords : Electroacupuncture, Tension-type headache, Randomized controlled trial, Acupuncture point

January 2019, 29 (1)

Cited By Articles
  • CrossRef (0)

  • Crossref TDM
  • CrossMark
  • orcid