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J Korean Med Rehabil 2019 Apr; 29(2): 115-133  
Effects of Curcumae Longae Rhizoma Pharmacopuncture on Monosodium Iodoacetate-induced Osteoarthritis Rats
Published online April 30, 2019
Copyright © 2019 The Society of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation.

Jong-Hoon Lee, K.M.D., Chang-Hoon Woo, K.M.D.

Department of Rehabilitaion Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Daegu Haany University
Correspondence to: Chang-Hoon Woo, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, Pohang Korean Medical Hospital, College of Korean Medicine, Daegu Haany University, 411 Saecheonnyeon-daero, Nam-gu, Pohang 37685, Korea
TEL (054) 271-8006
FAX (054) 281-7463
E-mail jungwsungw@hanmail.net
Received: January 17, 2019; Accepted: April 3, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract

Objectives The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture on the monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced osteoarthritis rats.

Methods Osteoarthritis was induced by injection of MIA (50 μL with 80 mg/mL) into knee joint cavity of rats. Rats were divided into 6 groups. Normal group was injected by normal saline into knee joint cavity only. Control group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and orally administered with distilled water. Normal Saline group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and injected with normal saline 100 μL. Positive comparison group was injected with MIA and orally administered with indomethacin 5 mg/kg. Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture low concentration (CL) group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and injected with Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture low concentration 100 μL. Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture high concentration (CH) group was induced for osteoarthritis by MIA and injected with Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture high concentration 100 μL. Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture was injected at ST35 and EX-LE4 each group (CL, CH). After that, hind paw weight distribution was measured and oxidative stress biomarker in serum, liver function biomarker in serum, western blot analysis were measured. Histological analysis of knee joint tissue was performed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, Safranin-O staining and Masson's trichrome staining.

Results Hind paw weight distribution was significantly improved in both group. alanine aminotransferanse and aspartate aminotransferase were decreased significantly in CH group compare with Indomethacin threated group. Antioxidant enzyme glutathione peroxidase, Catalase and heme oxygenase-1 were increased in CH group compare with control group. Inflammatory cytokine cyclooxygenase-2, inducible nitric oxide synthase and interleukin-1 beta were decreased significantly in CH group. Histological analysis result shows that protective effects of joint and cartilage were observed in both CH and CL groups in a concentration-dependent.

Conclusions The result suggest that Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture has anti-oxidation effect, anti-inflammatory effect and also can prevent progression of osteoarthritis and protect joint cartilage.

Keywords : Curcumae Longae Rhizoma pharmacopuncture, Osteoarthritis, Anti-oxidation, Anti-inflammation, Monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)


April 2019, 29 (2)

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