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The Study on Correlation between the Forward Head Posture and Spinal Alignment
Korean Med Rehab 2013;23:195-202
Published online October 31, 2013
Copyright © 2013 The Society of Korean Medicine Rehabilitation.

Hyun-Woo Jung, K.M.D., Woo-Suk Shin, K.M.D., Doo-Hee Kim, K.M.D., Won-Hyung Park, K.M.D., Yun-Yeop Cha, K.M.D., Youn-Seok Ko, K.M.D.*, Jung-Han Lee, K.M.D., Won-Suk Chung, K.M.D., Byung-Cheul Shin, K.M.D.§, Yun-Kyung Song, K.M.D., Ho-Yeon Go, K.M.D., Seong-Ho Sun, K.M.D.**, Chan-Yong Jeon, K.M.D.††, Bo-Hyoung Jang, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H.‡‡, Seong-Gyu Ko, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H.‡‡

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Sang-Ji University, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Woo-Suk University*, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Won-Kwang University†, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung-Hee University‡, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of School of Korean Medicine, Pu-San National University§, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Ga-Chon University, Department of Internal Medicine, Korean Medical Hospital, Se-Myung University, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Sang-Ji University**, Department of Internal Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Ga-Chon University††, Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung-Hee University‡‡
Correspondence to: Yun-Yeop Cha
Department of Korean Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Sangji University, 80, Sangjidae-gil, Wonju 220-717, Korea
TEL (033) 741-9260 FAX (033) 732-2124 E-mail omdcha@sangji.ac.kr
Received September 15, 2013; Revised October 4, 2013; Accepted October 6, 2013.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objectives This study was designed to investigate the correlation between the forward head posture and the spinal alignment.
Methods We examined the whole spine x-rays of the 144 student sample. We measured the Craniovertebral angle (CVA), Cervical angle (CA), Thoracic kyphotic angle (TKA), lumbar lordosis angle (LLA) and Ferguson’s angle (FA) of the students. We then analyzed the relationship between these angles.
Results CVA had correlation with CA, but it was weak. There was significant correlation between CVA and TKA. There were no significant correlation among CVA, LLA and FA.
Conclusions According to above results, there is a negative relationship between the CVA and the TKA - in that higher CVAs yielded lower TKAs. But CVA had no significant correlation with LLA or FA. (J Korean Med Rehab 2013;23(4):195-202)
Keywords : Forward head posture (FHP), Craniovertebral angle (CVA), Thoracic kyphotic angle (TKA), Lumbar lordosis angle (LLA), Ferguson’s angle (FA).


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